Andhra Pradesh – The Sanskrit meaning of Andhra is ‘South’.
Arunachal Pradesh – Sanskrit meaning of Aruna is ‘dawn lit’ and acha is ‘mountain’.
Assam –Asama is an Indo Aryan word which means ‘uneven’.
Bihar – The name Bihar has a Sanskrit origin and is derived from the word ‘Vihara’ which means ‘abode’. Vihara is a Pali word.
Chhattisgarh – Chattisgarh region was earlier known as Dakshin Kosala. There are no concrete evidences regarding the name. Chhattisgarh has 36 forts so may be this is one of the reasons that state is known as Chhattisgarh as Chhattis means Thirty Six.
Goa – How the name Goa came into existence is not clear. It may have originated from European or Portuguese language. It is also believed that name Goa may have originated from the Sanskrit word ‘go’ which means Cow.
Gujarat – The land of Gujjars. The name Gujarat has been originated from Gujara who in 700 and 800 ruled that region.
Haryana – Etymology of Haryana comes from two words. “Hari” and “ana”, in which “Hari” means ‘Vishnu (or even Lord Krisha, since he was considered a reincarnation of Lord Vishnu) and “ana” means ‘to come’. During Mahabharata Lord Krishna came to this place, so the state got its name from this legend.
Himachal Pradesh – Himachal Pradesh is a state of snow capped mountains and many deities.The name has a Sanskrit origin. Hima means ‘snow’ and achal means ‘mountain’.
Jammu and Kashmir – Jammu and Kashmir is a beautiful valley and also known as heaven on earth. But this valley is also known as Valley of Rishi Kashyaya from which comes in the word Kashmir. Origin of the name like most of the states in India is again Sanskrit in which “Ka” means water and “shimeera” means to desiccate. The word Jammu may have originated from the name of its ruler Raja Jambu Lochan.
Jharkhand – Jharkhand is the land of low forest or jhari. In Sanskrit Jhar is ‘forest’ and khand is ‘land’. Jharkhand is also known as ‘Vananchal’.
Karnataka – Word Karnataka has been derived from Karu which means ‘lofty’ and Naad that means ‘land’.
Kerala – Geographically speaking, Kerala originated as an addition of land mass by the sea. Also, there are two theories behind the name Keralam. According to one theory, it may have originated from the word “Chernna” which means added and “alam” that means land. As per the second theory, the name Keralam is associated with the Chera dynasty, rulers of the region from the 1st to 5th century AD. So it may have come from the word “chera alam” which later on began to be known as Keralam. But the second theory is debatable. In Sanskrit Keralam is known as ‘the land added on’.
Madhya Pradesh – Madhya Pradesh is a Hindi version of ‘Central Province’. Before independence, the British used to administer most parts of the state as Central Provinces.
Maharashtra – Maharashtra has also many theories behind its name. In Sanskrit Maharashtra means a ‘great nation’ from a combination of the words “Maha” and “Rashtra”.
Manipur – Manipur is the land of Jewels.
Meghalaya – The land of clouds. Meghalaya has Sanskrit origin in which “Megha” means clouds and “Alaya” means abode.
Mizoram – Mizoram has been derived from two words “Mi” that means people and “zo” that means highlander.
Nagaland – The Land of Nagas.
Odisha – Odisha has been derived from the Sanskrit word “Odra Vishaya”or “Odra Desa”. Instead of a meaning, it refers to the Odra people living in central India.
West Bengal – Sanskrit word ‘Vanga’ is the original word for Bengal. From this word, different versions have been originated like Bangalah in Persian, Bangal in Hindi and Bangla in Bengali.
Punjab – Land of Five Rivers. The word Punjab has originated from the Indo-Iranian word “Punj” that means five and “ab” which means water.
Rajasthan – In Sanskrit the word “Raja” means king. It was earlier known as Rajputana meaning ‘Land of Rajputs’.
Sikkim – Sikkim in Tibetan language is known as Denjong. The name has originated from two words of Limbu orgin in which “Su” means new and “Khyim” means palace.
Tamil Nadu – Tamil means ‘Sweet nectar’ and Nadu in is a Tamilian word which means ‘homeland’ or ‘nation’.
Tripura – The name may have been derived from two Kokborok words “tui and “para” in which “tui” means water and “para” near.
Uttar Pradesh – Uttar Pradesh means ‘Northern Province’.
Uttarakhand – The new state of Uttaranchal means, ‘northern mountains’.